India’ urban population is growing and because of this, opportunities in urban sector are increasing as well. Urbanisation in India is mainly due to the expansion of cities and the migration of people from rural to urban cities. Investments are being made in various sectors such as road network, urban transport, water supply, waste management, energy and other forms of urban planning and management.
The Indian renewable energy sector is the second most attractive renewable energy market in the world as per the Renewable Energy Attractiveness Index 2017. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India, has formulated an action plan to achieve a total capacity of 175 GW from renewable energy source by March, 2022, which includes 100 GW of Solar power, 60 GW from wind power, 10 GW from biomass power and 5 GW from small hydro power.
E-waste' means electrical and electronic equipment discarded as waste by the consumer or rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment and repair processes. E-waste generation in India is growing at a CAGR of 30% to reach 5.3 million MT by 2020. Its disposal is done in either informal/formal/donation way. The major responsibility lies with the State Pollution Control Board which finally reports to Ministry of Environment, forest and Climate Change.
All non-hazardous solid waste that requires treatment or disposal is called solid waste. The key responsibilities for managing solid waste lies with the state government and the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs). Its supply chain starts from primary collection and ends at disposal site involving all private sector, government sector, institutions and contractual arrangement.
The urban transport is heterogeneous in nature. It consists of various modes sharing the same road space leading to chaos and congestion. The various modes OF Urban Transport are Public, Private, Non-motorised, and Freight. The responsibility of handling the Urban Transport comes under the purview of the State Government and the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
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